Weekend Open Thread

“There are some people so addicted to exaggeration that they can’t tell the truth without lying.”

–Josh Billings

Finally: Sen. Gardner Schedules Three Public Events

Sen. Cory Gardner (R).

After months of withering criticism for refusing to hold a public town hall event to answer questions from constituents, Sen. Cory Gardner today announced three Front Range events, all occurring in one whirlwind tour next Tuesday. Here are the details:

Senator Cory Gardner (R-CO) will hold three town hall meetings on Tuesday, August 15th in Colorado Springs, Greeley, and Lakewood.

Constituents are encouraged to arrive early, as space is limited. The events are open to the public and the media. If you are a member of the media interested in attending the event, please RSVP by sending an email to Senator Gardner’s Press Secretary, Casey Contres, at casey_contres@gardner.senate.gov.


Who: U.S. Senator Cory Gardner (R-CO)
What: Colorado Springs Town Hall
When: Tuesday, August 15, 7:30 a.m. – 9:00 a.m. MT Doors open at 7:00 a.m. MT
Where: Pikes Peak Community College
Room A-110
5675 S. Academy Blvd
Colorado Springs, CO 80906.


Who: U.S. Senator Cory Gardner (R-CO)
What: Greeley Town Hall
When: Tuesday, August 15, 12:00 p.m. – 1:30 p.m. MT Doors open at 11:00 a.m. MT
Where: University School Auditorium
6519 18th St.
Greeley, CO 80634


Who: U.S. Senator Cory Gardner (R-CO)
What: Lakewood Town Hall
When: Tuesday, August 15, 3:30 p.m. – 5:00 p.m. MT Doors open at 2:30 p.m. MT
Where: Colorado Christian University
CCU Event Center
8787 W. Alameda Ave.
Lakewood, CO 80226

No tickets appear to be required for these events, with the only RSVP required being for members of the press. There are some unanswered questions about the venues, in particular the Event Center at Colorado Christian University–a private campus that may or may not be accommodating of the lawful protest we would naturally expect outside this event. CCU is also about the densest population of ardent conservatives available to turn out on short notice anywhere in the Denver metro area, so Gardner may well consider it to be a “safe space.”

Nonetheless, we expect that the pent-up desire of Coloradans to engage with Sen. Gardner after eight months of Donald Trump driving the bus in Washington will be…considerable. If Gardner wants to stave off the public relations disaster he’s been running from all this time, he’d better bring his A-game.

Sorting Fact From Fiction: Medicaid Expansion Edition

Is this really necessary?

The Denver Post’s John Ingold has a must-read story up today that debunks many of the false arguments about Medicaid–and in particular the expansion of Medicaid under the 2010 Affordable Care Act–used to justify threats to cut eligibility and reduce the covered population. Medicaid has already become a favorite complaint for Republican 2018 gubernatorial candidates, and the future of the Medicaid expansion population remains unresolved in Washington, D.C.

But is the Medicaid expansion busting Colorado’s budget? For a host of reasons that take time to understand fully, the answer is “not really.”

In addition to being a huge cost to the state, Medicaid is also a huge revenue source — the single largest source of federal funds that Colorado receives every year… [Pols emphasis]

The Affordable Care Act, often called Obamacare, swelled Colorado’s Medicaid rolls dramatically by expanding eligibility to people slightly above the poverty line. More than 400,000 people have signed up through the expansion, and that group now makes up nearly 27 percent of Colorado’s Medicaid population, according to the governor’s Office of State Planning and Budgeting.

But Medicaid’s costs are shared between the state and federal governments. And, for the expansion, the feds offer states a sweetheart deal: They currently cover 95 percent of the costs. In the coming years, that share will drop to 90 percent, meaning Colorado will have to cover 10 percent of costs for the expansion folks.

Colorado pays its share with money from the hospital provider fee, a complicated mechanism by which hospitals pay a fee to the state and the state uses that money to get matching funds from the federal government. But Henry Sobanet, Gov. John Hickenlooper’s budget director, said federal rules prohibit using money from the hospital provider fee to pay for non-Medicaid expenses within the budget — on things such as roads or schools. The state also can’t use provider fee money to pay regular Medicaid expenses for people outside the expansion group.

“We could cancel the expansion, and we wouldn’t save a dollar in the general fund,” Sobanet said.

We strongly encourage everyone to read this story in its entirety, being one of the clearest and fairest looks at Medicaid funding since the passage of the Affordable Care Act we’ve seen in Colorado media. Yes, the state spends more both in absolute terms and as a percentage of the state budget today on Medicaid than we used to. But the overwhelming majority of costs for the Medicaid expansion are paid by the federal government, not the state, and the small percentage that Colorado responsible for is paid through the hospital provider fee enterprise.

The specific funding streas for the Medicaid expansion also mean that cutting eligibility won’t free up money to spend elsewhere. The deal reached this year to convert the hospital provider fee into an independent enterprise, so as to exempt the money from revenue limits under the 1992 Taxpayer Bill of Rights (TABOR), prevented these locked-in funds from forcing cuts in other parts of the budget–but it doesn’t work the same way in reverse. It could be another story if the GOP-controlled Congress succeeds in repealing the ACA, which in most forms would cut the federal funds for Medicaid that this all depends on. But as you know, Congress is having some trouble getting that done right now.

The point to understand as the issue becomes fodder in the Republican gubernatorial primary, in which all candidates are tripping over each other to trash Medicaid along with every other government program, is that cutting Medicaid isn’t the way to provide for the state’s manifold other needs. It’s not practical, since the savings that would be realized are far smaller than one would think at first glance. It’s bad politics, since throwing people off of the coverage rolls results in some of the worst news coverage a politician can possibly inflict on themselves. And above all (depending on your point of view), it’s politically bad because it’s morally a bad thing to do to people–especially for so little actual savings.

Misusing budget figures to point fingers during political campaigns is old hat, like claiming “there is no cut” if the total of a line item increases–without explaining the effect of population growth and inflation on individuals, who face very real reductions even if the “total amount grows.” But as Republicans in Congress just discovered in their failed attempt to repeal Obamacare, Americans on the sharp end of those cuts aren’t so easily fooled.

Hopefully good journalism like John Ingold’s will help Coloradans figure out the score, too.

What’s Next, Cory Gardner? “I’m Going To Disneyland!”

An eagle-eyed reader forwarded us a photo reportedly taken yesterday in Anaheim, California: while Colorado’s senior U.S. Senator Michael Bennet holds public town halls across the state, Sen. Cory Gardner is celebrating the U.S. Senate’s votes to repeal the Affordable Care Act by going to Disneyland!

Where he didn’t take questions, being busy (pardon us) picking winners.

It’s important to understand the full context of this photo: Sen. Bennet is holding packed town hall meetings across the state during this August recess, while Sen. Gardner was more or less hornswaggled into answering questions in public at an impromptu “town hall” in Durango last week–that being Gardner’s first public event in over a year and a half. Gardner made vague promises under fire at that meeting to hold more public events, but as of this writing none have been scheduled.

And now he’s at Disneyland.

Gardner’s lack of availability to his own constituents has become a major point of discussion this year, playing a role in Gardner’s approval rating plunging below 25% among Colorado voters. At this point, it’s very hard to understand why Gardner hasn’t just taken his lumps and put an end to the negative press.

But for some reason, he hasn’t.

It’s a safe bet that pic(k)s of Gardner frolicking at Disneyland will do very little to improve those poll numbers.

Don’t Blink, Colorado Dems!

Peter Marcus, outgoing reporter for the Colorado Springs Gazette mashes the “scramble” button on Democratic politics in Colorado in a big way–with news that Rep. Ed Perlmutter may run again for his CD-7 seat after pulling out of the gubernatorial race and giving every indication that he would retire:

Multiple sources confirmed that after Perlmutter was approached by constituents and fellow colleagues in Congress about a re-election campaign, he began reconsidering running for re-election. Sources could not speak on the record, as they were not at liberty to discuss the details of Perlmutter’s thoughts.

A re-election campaign would come after Perlmutter, a Democrat from Arvada who represents the 7th Congressional District in Jefferson and Adams counties, declared that he would not pursue the seat again.

Several Democrats have been running to replace Perlmutter in a tightly contested primary, including state Sens. Andy Kerr of Lakewood and Dominick Moreno of Commerce City, and state Rep. Brittany Pettersen, also of Lakewood. Also running in the race is former Obama-era U.S. ambassador Dan Baer.

A re-election bid by the popular Perlmutter could cripple those campaigns.

There’s nothing we can add to this report without more information, but we’ll update as soon as we know more. The fact is that Perlmutter is the incumbent representative for this district, and candidates stepping back into their old race after changing their mind on a bid for higher office is not without precedent (see: Marco Rubio). With that said, we have to believe anyone less beloved than Ed Perlmutter would be facing severe blowback over this most uncharacteristic bout of indecision–leaving fellow Democrats who have planned their own career moves around his choices for months in the lurch.

But it is Ed Perlmutter. This is Ed Perlmutter’s seat. And we do expect everyone involved will defer to him.

Whatever happens here needs to happen quickly, so that everyone can move on with their lives.

Friday Open Thread

“This is one of those cases in which the imagination is baffled by the facts.”

–Adam Smith

Half of Republicans Would Support Postponing 2020 Election?

There are very real consequences of Donald Trump’s claims of voter fraud in the 2016 election. As the Washington Post reports, a good number of Republicans actually believe the President on this nonsense:

Critics of President Trump have repeatedly warned of his potential to undermine American democracy. Among the concerns are his repeated assertions that he would have won the popular vote had 3 to 5 million “illegals” not voted in the 2016 election, a claim echoed by the head of a White House advisory committee on voter fraud.

Claims of large-scale voter fraud are not true, but that has not stopped a substantial number of Republicans from believing them. But how far would Republicans be willing to follow the president to stop what they perceive as rampant fraud? Our recent survey suggests that the answer is quite far: About half of Republicans say they would support postponing the 2020 presidential election until the country can fix this problem… [Pols emphasis]

…Not surprisingly, beliefs about the 2016 election and voter fraud were correlated with support for postponement. People who believed that Trump won the popular vote, that there were millions of illegal votes in 2016, or that voter fraud is not rare were more likely to support postponing the election. This support was also more prevalent among Republicans who were younger, were less educated, had less factual knowledge of politics and strongly identified with the party.

It apparently doesn’t matter much to these people that election officials all across the country have said for a long time that there is no evidence of widespread election fraud. Colorado Secretary of State Wayne Williams has been adamant in this position, and there is no actual data to support claims of voter fraud from Trump or his bogus “Voter Fraud Commission.”

As Newsweek reported last week, Trump’s “Voter Fraud Commission” doesn’t even really know why it exists:

The commission investigating President Donald Trump’s claims of widespread voter fraud in the 2016 election doesn’t know what it hopes to achieve, said one of its members Monday.

Maine Secretary of State Matt Dunlap, who serves on President Trump’s Advisory Commission on Election Integrity, said that he will reject the federal government’s second round of calls to states to submit voter registration data to the group.

Dunlap told the Portland Press Herald Monday that he’s concerned the commission hasn’t made its aims clear and that he’s worried about voters’ privacy.

Both state and national reports have failed to come up with any evidence of widespread voter fraud (including a 2014 report by the Presidential Commission on Election Administration). On the very rare occasion that fraud is discovered here in Colorado, it is almost always perpetrated by Republicans.

Trump has not actually suggested that the 2020 election should/could be postponed, but it is frightening to know that there are a sizable number of Republicans who wouldn’t blink if he did.

Brita Horn Forgets the “First Rule of Holes”

Routt County Treasurer Brita Horn, sans shovel

We’ve talked before in this space about the importance in politics — and really, life — of knowing the “First Rule of Holes.” If you are not familiar with this rule, it is very simple: When you find yourself in a hole, STOP DIGGING.

Brita Horn is the Routt County Treasurer and one of a gazillion Republicans seeking the office of State Treasurer in 2018. Earlier this month, Horn made the wrong kind of headlines after a mistake in her office meant that millions of dollars of property tax revenue were not distributed to local government programs on a timely basis. As the Steamboat Pilot reported on Aug. 1, Horn did not respond particularly well to this problem:

…she declined Tuesday to explain how the mistake occurred other than to make references to a software vendor and a personnel issue she said she couldn’t discuss in public.

She vowed the mistake wouldn’t happen again.

“I don’t call it an issue, I call it a concern,” Horn said of the incomplete payments. [Pols emphasis] “Routt County has some of the most amazing people that work for the citizens, and we’re finding these people are humans and make mistakes. I definitely take responsibility for the staff, and I’m ensuring it’s not going to happen again.”

Unfortunately for Horn, this “issue” “concern” is back in the news again. As the Steamboat Pilot reported on Wednesday, hell hath no fury like a former employee scorned:

The employee who Routt County Treasurer Brita Horn claims made a $5.8 million error that deprived local taxing entities of millions of dollars worth of their revenue for more than two months is speaking out and contesting her recent dismissal from the county.

Rani Gilbert, who was fired from the treasurer’s office in July for reasons unrelated to the property tax error, said she thinks Horn is wrongly blaming her for the mistake.

“I just want the people of my community to understand she has convicted me of something I did not do,” Gilbert said. “I’ve gone way out of my way to do the very best I can for Routt County.”

Gilbert also revealed this week she had her attorney send a letter to the county commissioners less than two weeks prior to her dismissal alleging Horn and her chief deputy treasurer Patrick Karschner engaged in unethical and possibly illegal behavior this summer.

Gilbert’s complaint against her supervisors specifically alleged she had evidence that Karschner had been working on Horn’s campaign for state treasurer during business hours in May in violation of county policies. Horn and Karschner denied that claim Wednesday. They also said they were not aware of the complaint prior to commencing pre-dismissal proceedings against Gilbert.

This isn’t earth-shattering stuff by any means, but in a GOP Primary with multiple candidates and no obvious frontrunner, these are the sort of stories that can sink a campaign. When Republican voters are having a hard time picking a favorite among similar candidates, stories like this give them a reason to narrow the field.

Local Group First to Test New Signature Gathering Rules

According to a press release from the Colorado Secretary of State’s office, we have a guinea pig for new signature-gathering rules for ballot measures:

Backers of a measure that would limit housing growth in Colorado might be the first to test a new provision that requires anyone trying to amend Colorado’s constitution to collect a percentage of voter signatures from each of the state’s 35 Senate districts.

The Colorado Secretary of State’s office this week approved the petition format for proposed Initiative 4, which allows its backers, Daniel Hayes of Golden and Julianne Page of Wheat Ridge, to begin collecting signatures to try to get the measure on the 2018 ballot. They have until Nov. 30 to collect 98,492 valid voter signatures, including at least 2 percent from each Senate district based on current voter registration figures.

The provision requiring the collection of signatures in each Senate district was approved by voters in 2016 to make it more difficult to amend Colorado’s frequently amended Constitution. Amendment 71 or “Raise the Bar,” as it was called, is being challenged in court by Hayes, another individual and two health organizations. They claim it is unconstitutional on several fronts.

Prior to Amendment 71, signatures were required to be collected from each of seven congressional districts.

Gloves Come Off as Republican Infighting Escalates

UPDATE: Don’t forget that Sen. Mitch McConnell will be in Colorado next week (August 17) for a fundraiser hosted by Sen. Cory Gardner.


Sen. Cory Gardner (left) and Sen. Mitch McConnell (Associated Press)

In case you somehow missed it, Congressional Republicans spent most of 2017 in a fruitless quest to repeal and (maybe) replace Obamacare. Despite seven years of campaign promises to destroy the Affordable Care Act and the Congressional majority to theoretically make it happen, the GOP couldn’t come up with a reasonable piece of legislation that could even make it onto the Senate floor for a debate.

While some Republicans are still pretending that they might eventually repeal Obamacare, most are spending the long August recess trying to avoid the subject altogether. Instead of talking about healthcare changes with constituents, Republicans such as Sen. Cory Gardner (R-Yuma) are desperately trying to figure out how to explain some pretty awful votes. When Congress returns to work after Labor Day, healthcare won’t likely be a focus of their attention; as Utah Sen. Orrin Hatch colorfully explained, Republicans “shot their wad” on healthcare.

Republicans may indeed move on to other legislative priorities without accomplishing anything on Obamacare, but the political wounds from the first half of this year may not heal anytime soon. Right-wing radio host Sean Hannity is calling for the head of Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell:

As the Huffington Post explains, red-on-red anger is on the rise:

While moderate Republicans like Sens. Lisa Murkowski (Alaska) and Susan Collins (Maine) are receiving warm adulation from constituents for opposing a bill that would have repealed Obamacare, other GOP lawmakers are facing attacks from their right flank over their handling of the health care debate.

Sen. Dean Heller (R-Nev.) drew a primary challenge this week from businessman Danny Tarkanian, a staunch supporter of President Donald Trump, who blasted the senator for failing to support Trump during last year’s presidential campaign and for “obstructing” his agenda in Washington, D.C…..

…The inability to repeal Obamacare has also roiled the race for an Alabama Senate seat made vacant by Trump’s appointment of Jeff Sessions as Attorney General earlier this year.

Ousted Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore, who is running in the Republican primary, released a television ad on Tuesday defending himself against attacks made by Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) and his allies in Washington, D.C.

“They lied about repealing Obamacare. Now Mitch McConnell’s D.C slime machine is spending millions spreading lies about Roy Moore,” the narrator in the ad said.

Frustration over the failure to repeal Obamacare isn’t just limited to Republican Primary fights. Dark clouds are bubbling over in the White House New Jersey as well:

Trump’s comments were in response to this statement from McConnell.

It was just about a year ago that Sen. Gardner was publicly campaigning to be the head of the National Republican Senatorial Committee (NRSC) for 2018. If he could get his hands on a time machine, we’d guess that Gardner would happily take a do-over on that decision. Come to think of it, Gardner would probably prefer to just erase 2017 altogether.

“Punching Hippies?” More Like “Barbarians At The Gate”

Sen. Michael Bennet, former President Barack Obama.

The Denver Post has a story up today that is worth reading, despite a headline that some of our more aggressively liberal Democrats might find a bit incendiary–“At town hall that focused on health care, [Sen.] Michael Bennet says single-payer system isn’t best option.”

In a dialogue this week largely focused on defeating efforts to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act, U.S. Sen. Michael Bennet dismissed another system elsewhere along the ideological spectrum: government-sponsored, or single-payer, health care.

Bennet, speaking Monday night at a town hall in Greeley, said the existing system should be the focus.

“I think we should have a discussion about how to expand Medicare, so that more people can be part of it or maybe be able to buy it and how to do the same with Medicaid.”

Bennet emphasized that his Democratic colleagues frequently debate a single-payer health care system, but that he was “in the early days of this, myself”. The senator also said he hoped the topic “won’t turn into a litmus test” for Democratic candidates.

Creating an option for individuals regardless of their income or age to buy into government-managed health insurance programs would restore one of the central objectives of the 2010 Affordable Care Act, one lost in the vain attempt to win Republican support for the bill: a “public option” that would regulate the cost of private insurance by forcing it to compete with a nonprofit model. There are good arguments for Democrats adopting a “Medicare for all” platform as part of a broader counterattack on health care leading into the 2018 elections–in addition to this being a way to build on the Affordable Care Act’s success in expanding coverage instead of trying to tear the existing law down.

At the same time, there is a significant percentage of voters on the left who have much more expansive designs for health care reform than reviving a public option, to include a single-payer model like the one proposed in Colorado last year via Amendment 69. This pressure comes despite the fact that Amendment 69 failed by nearly 80% of the vote.

There are a number of reasons why Amendment 69 failed as badly as it did, and not all of them have to do with a lack of support for single-payer health care in the abstract. Many Colorado Democrats who support going beyond the scope of Obamacare to address access to care in America still couldn’t support Amendment 69, believing that a nationwide solution was the only viable path forward–as other states who started down this road themselves discovered. There were also specific problems with the proposal as written that hadn’t been accounted for, costing it support from would-be allies. When you combine soft support on the left with the total wall of opposition from conservatives to anything that can be remotely considered “government health care,” Amendment 69’s fate was sealed. So much so, in fact, that it was more useful to Republicans as a wedge to drive within the Democratic coalition than as a rallying point for Democratic candidates in 2016.

And it has to be said: a radical change to health care like moving the entire nation to a single-payer system is politically no more viable a prospect today than it was in Colorado last year. Where the broader adoption of something Americans know and trust like Medicare could attract enough support to pass–especially after a big Democratic win in 2018–there remains a far too vast ideological chasm between the right and left to achieve more than that right now. Progressives face a years-long task of unwinding pervasive conservative messaging on this and so many other issues. They faced the same challenge in 2010, too, and the total blockade of Democratic policy priorities by Republicans since the passage of the Affordable Care Act raises legitimate questions about whether the highly compromised Affordable Care Act was worth the collateral damage. The combined objectives of policy gains and legislative majorities, in a nation that is as deeply divided as ours, makes this a far more difficult question than impatient ideologues want to admit.

The political reality of this is tough medicine for a left newly emboldened in opposition to President Trump, but it’s critical that Democrats understand the limits of their own political capital. In 2004, Colorado Democrats retook majorities in the state legislature not by proposing far-reaching “Hail Mary” progressive policy goals. They won by pledging to be more competent with the government the voters already knew.

That’s where it has to start today, too.

Get More Smarter on Wednesday (August 9)

Members of Congress are holding fewer town hall meetings in August than they have in recent years — try to contain your surprise. It’s time to Get More Smarter. If you think we missed something important, please include the link in the comments below (here’s a good example). If you are more of a visual learner, check out The Get More Smarter Show.



► The war of words between the United States and North Korea reached a new level on Tuesday after President Trump promised to unleash “fire and fury” on the reclusive country if it continues to threaten the U.S. with nuclear weapons. Trump’s strong rhetoric is raising concerns in Asia, and as the New York Times reports, Trump’s bombastic (pun intended) statements caught his own staff off guard:

President Trump delivered his “fire and fury” threat to North Korea on Tuesday with arms folded, jaw set and eyes flitting on what appeared to be a single page of talking points set before him on the conference table at his New Jersey golf resort.

The piece of paper, as it turned out, was a fact sheet on the opioid crisis he had come to talk about, and his ominous warning to Pyongyang was entirely improvised, according to several people with direct knowledge of what unfolded. In discussions with advisers beforehand, he had not run the specific language by them. [Pols emphasis]

The inflammatory words quickly escalated the confrontation with North Korea to a new, alarming level and were followed shortly by a new threat from North Korea to obliterate an American air base on Guam. In the hours since, the president’s advisers have sought to calm the situation, with Secretary of State Rex W. Tillerson assuring Americans that they “should sleep at night” without worrying about an imminent war.

Yes, you read that correctly. President Trump improvised threatening North Korea. If we end up in a military conflict with North Korea, maybe Trump can go do the fighting himself, too.

Hopefully, North Korea is listening more closely to Secretary of State Rex Tillerson.


Luis Toro of Colorado Ethics Watch calls for more transparency in campaign fundraising in light of a Denver Post story that Treasurer Walker Stapleton is using a big loophole in the law to raise unlimited amounts of money for his upcoming campaign for governor. The editorial board of the Denver Post is also not thrilled with Stapleton’s loophole maneuvering:

While his move can be viewed as an understandable and inevitable outgrowth of the reality of how tangled campaign finance laws corrupt our politics, we wish the treasurer had set a better example and not led us down this path — for others surely will follow.

As The Denver Post’s Mark K. Matthews reported, the Republican plans to appear at a high-dollar fundraiser on Aug. 21 on behalf of BetterColoradoNow, an independent expenditure committee that seeks to cause trouble for Democratic candidates. Stapleton is doing so even though he hasn’t made his candidacy official. His coyness allows him to avoid rules that prohibit cooperation between such committees and candidates.

We argue that Stapleton’s planned workaround violates the spirit of the law and the clear expectation of Colorado voters, who have consistently sought to set strict limits on political fundraising. Such dodges add to the reasons voters feel down in their bones that the system is falling apart.


► Big news from the Washington Post regarding Robert Mueller’s investigation into potential ties between Russia and the Trump campaign:

FBI agents raided the Alexandria home of President Trump’s former campaign chairman late last month, using a search warrant to seize documents and other materials, according to people familiar with the special counsel investigation into Russian meddling in the 2016 election.

Federal agents appeared at Paul Manafort’s home without advance warning in the predawn hours of July 26, the day after he met voluntarily with the staff for the Senate Intelligence Committee.

The search warrant was wide-ranging and FBI agents working with special counsel Robert S. Mueller III departed the home with various records. Jason Maloni, a spokesman for Manafort, confirmed that agents executed a warrant at one of the political consultant’s homes and that Manafort cooperated with the search.

As “The Fix” concludes, there are few phrases scarier than “predawn raid” when it comes to the topic of a federal investigation.


Get even more smarter after the jump…